Let Us Unite on the Basis of the Moscow Declaration and the Moscow Statement
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From Algeria to Uganda, Russia is building influence in Africa , lending support to embattled strongmen, taking on natural resource projects in conflict-racked states and positioning itself as a new powerbroker without the baggage of former colonial powers. While lacking the financial firepower of China or the longstanding trade relations of former colonial powers, Russia has sought to use its military exports, security apparatus and state-controlled natural resource companies to gain footholds across the continent.
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Across Africa, Moscow has deployed teams of military instructors to train elite presidential guards, sent arms shipments and assisted shaky autocrats with election strategies. It has also promised to build nuclear power plants and develop oil wells and diamond mines.
Russia’s Game in the Balkans
These diplomatic outreaches to old Soviet allies or countries previously overlooked by Moscow are aimed at both increasing its sway and unsettling rivals such as the US, Britain and France in a region where they have long held influence. Christian Malanga, an opposition politician in the Democratic Republic of Congo where Moscow has hailed Felix Tshisekedi as the winner of the recent presidential election despite evidence of voting fraud , says Russia was building on old Soviet ties.
The need for new alliances has become acute since , when western sanctions were imposed against Moscow after its annexation of Crimea. Western countries are taking note. Shot dead in an attack on their jeep while driving through the countryside, the reporters were investigating the activities of Wagner, a Russian paramilitary company, in a country where Moscow has expanded its presence rapidly over recent years.
Moscow has sent planeloads of arms to the country, alongside five armed forces personnel and more than private military contractors to train hundreds of elite troops. We are not sure that the [CAR] government is completely controlling everything. Russia sold twice as much weaponry to African countries in as it did in , according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
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The list of Russian commercial engagements with Africa is long. Russian aluminium group Rusal mines bauxite in Guinea. Alrosa , the Kremlin-controlled diamond miner planning to enter Zimbabwe, already has assets in Angola and Botswana. Rosatom, the state-run nuclear monopoly, is working in Zambia and Rwanda.
Russian geologists are active in Madagascar, Algeria, Libya and Ghana.
It is rising dramatically. What should be our priority? We reached 3. Only 4, Here are some more figures.
“Russia After Crimea: A ‘Brave...
We have overhauled federal roads. Large Eurasian transport corridors will also be developing. Russia builds cutting-edge nuclear icebreakers.
Overall, infrastructure development must take into account global technological changes. We must always set ambitious tasks. These projects should be closely monitored. We can see these positive trends, which is very good. There is no going back now. These initiatives have real-world application. Where do we get these funds? Importantly, they should encourage rather than impede economic growth. Where are they?
Rosatom, the state-run nuclear monopoly, is working in Zambia and Rwanda. Russian geologists are active in Madagascar, Algeria, Libya and Ghana. Take South Africa. The Guptas owned a uranium deposit, though both they and Mr Zuma have denied any wrongdoing.
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In , Mr Zuma flew to Russia for emergency medical treatment, and it was during his recovery that he is reported to have struck the nuclear deal with Mr Putin. Then the Brics countries came in and Russia wanted a piece of the pie. While Moscow is keen to build new relationships, it is no stranger to the region.
United States Relations with Russia: The Cold War
During the cold war, the Soviet Union had strong ties with various African states, supporting independence movements aimed at dislodging western colonial powers. Moscow has made this legacy a central pillar in its African outreach, contrasting its history of engagement with that of former colonial powers. Many African leaders are well aware of this. Alongside this, Moscow is also willing to sidestep issues such as demands for reform or human rights protection — a tactic that it has effectively deployed in recent years to build strong ties in the Middle East.
Sergei Lavrov, foreign minister, said last week that Russia did not agree with outside countries calling for an investigation into the presidential election in Congo, which data published by the FT show was fraudulent. The Kremlin is hard at work arranging its first Russia-Africa summit this year.
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